Siraj-ud-Daula: MCQ (50) Practice Set

 Siraj-ud-Daula

Siraj-ud-Daula, who was the last independent Nawab of Bengal, ruling from 1756 to 1757. Here are 100 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) with their answers related to Siraj-ud-Daula: Join Telegram for All PDF Set.

1. When did Siraj-ud-Daula become the Nawab of Bengal?

   a) 1750

   b) 1754

   c) 1756

   d) 1760

   Answer: c) 1756


2. What is Siraj-ud-Daula known for?

   a) Establishing a strong naval force

   b) His contribution to art and culture

   c) Defeating the British in the Battle of Plassey

   d) None of the above

   Answer: c) Defeating the British in the Battle of Plassey


3. The Black Hole of Calcutta incident occurred in which year?

   a) 1752

   b) 1756

   c) 1757

   d) 1760

   Answer: c) 1757


4. Who was the British military officer who led the forces against Siraj-ud-Daula in the Battle of Plassey?

   a) Sir Robert Clive

   b) William Pitt

   c) Lord Cornwallis

   d) Lord Wellesley

   Answer: a) Sir Robert Clive


5. Where did the Battle of Plassey take place?

   a) Delhi

   b) Calcutta

   c) Murshidabad

   d) Plassey

   Answer: d) Plassey


6. What was the outcome of the Battle of Plassey?

   a) Siraj-ud-Daula emerged victorious

   b) The British East India Company was defeated

   c) The British East India Company gained control over Bengal

   d) Both sides suffered heavy losses and called for a truce

   Answer: c) The British East India Company gained control over Bengal


7. Who was the Governor-General of India when Siraj-ud-Daula was defeated in the Battle of Plassey?

   a) Warren Hastings

   b) Lord Dalhousie

   c) Lord Wellesley

   d) Lord Clive

   Answer: d) Lord Clive


8. After the defeat in the Battle of Plassey, what happened to Siraj-ud-Daula?

   a) He was killed in battle

   b) He was captured and imprisoned

   c) He fled to a neighboring kingdom

   d) He retired from politics and became a hermit

   Answer: b) He was captured and imprisoned


9. Which European power supported Siraj-ud-Daula during his reign?

   a) Portugal

   b) France

   c) Spain

   d) Netherlands

   Answer: b) France


10. Siraj-ud-Daula was the grandson of which famous Mughal ruler?

    a) Akbar

    b) Aurangzeb

    c) Babur

    d) Shah Jahan

    Answer: a) Akbar


11. What led to the Black Hole of Calcutta incident?

    a) A devastating earthquake

    b) A famine

    c) The capture of Fort William by Siraj-ud-Daula

    d) A political conspiracy against Siraj-ud-Daula

    Answer: c) The capture of Fort William by Siraj-ud-Daula


12. How many British prisoners were allegedly confined in the Black Hole of Calcutta?

    a) 46

    b) 64

    c) 78

    d) 146

    Answer: d) 146


13. What was the size of the Black Hole cell where the British prisoners were kept?

    a) 10 feet by 10 feet

    b) 12 feet by 18 feet

    c) 15 feet by 20 feet

    d) 20 feet by 30 feet

    Answer: b) 12 feet by 18 feet


14. How many prisoners survived the night in the Black Hole of Calcutta?

    a) None survived

    b) Only one survived

    c) Less than half survived

    d) Around two-thirds survived

    Answer: b) Only one survived


15. Who was the survivor of the Black Hole of Calcutta incident?

    a) John Zephaniah Holwell

    b) Robert Clive

    c) Warren Hastings

    d) William Pitt

    Answer: a) John Zephaniah Holwell


16. The Black Hole of Calcutta incident is considered a turning point in the history of which country's presence in India?

    a) Portugal

    b) France

    c) Britain

    d) Spain

    Answer: c) Britain


17. Which fort was captured by Siraj-ud-Daula that led to the Black Hole incident?

    a) Fort William

    b) Fort St. George

    c) Fort St. David

    d) Fort St. Angelo

    Answer: a) Fort William


18. What was Siraj-ud-Daula's response when he learned about the incident of the Black Hole of Calcutta?

    a) He expressed remorse and released the prisoners.

    b) He was indifferent and did not take any action.

    c) He was deeply shocked and ordered an inquiry into the matter.

    d) He celebrated the incident as a victory over the British.

    Answer: a) He expressed remorse and released the prisoners.


19. Who was Siraj-ud-Daula's chief military commander during the Battle of Plassey?

    a) Mir Jafar

    b) Mir Qasim

    c) Mir Sadiq

    d) Mir Nizam

    Answer: a) Mir Jafar


20. Mir Jafar's betrayal during the Battle of Plassey is often attributed to:

    a) His loyalty to Siraj-ud-Daula

    b) His desire for a stronger alliance with the British

    c) His grievances against Siraj-ud-Daula

    d) His fear of losing his position as a commander

    Answer: c) His grievances against Siraj-ud-Daula


21. Who among the following was NOT a European power competing for dominance in India during Siraj-ud-Daula's reign?

    a) Portugal

    b) Spain

    c) France

    d) Russia

    Answer: d) Russia


22. Which European power established the first trading post in India and played a significant role in the early colonization of the country?

    a) Portugal

    b) Spain

    c) France

    d) England (Britain)

    Answer: a) Portugal


23. What was the primary motive of European powers in India during the colonial era?

    a) Spread Christianity

    b) Promote trade and commerce

    c) Expand their empires and territories

    d) Establish educational institutions

    Answer: b) Promote trade and commerce


24. Which city served as the capital of Bengal during Siraj-ud-Daula's reign?

    a) Delhi

    b) Agra

    c) Murshidabad

    d) Calcutta

    Answer: c) Murshidabad


25. Which significant event preceded the Battle of Plassey and contributed to Siraj-ud-Daula's animosity towards the British?

    a) The capture of Fort William

    b) The assassination of Mir Jafar

    c) The establishment of British trading posts in Murshidabad

    d) The signing of a peace treaty with the French

    Answer: a) The capture of Fort William


26. Who was the British Governor of Fort William during the Black Hole incident?

    a) John Zephaniah Holwell

    b) Robert Clive

    c) Warren Hastings

    d) William Pitt

    Answer: a) John Zephaniah Holwell


27. Which of the following statements about the Black Hole of Calcutta incident is true?

    a) The prisoners were released the next morning.

    b) The incident took place in a specially built underground prison.

    c) All the prisoners died due to suffocation and heat.

    d) The incident happened during a British-led military parade.

    Answer: c) All the prisoners died due to suffocation and heat.


28. What role did the betrayal of Mir Jafar play in the Battle of Plassey?

    a) Mir Jafar helped Siraj-ud-Daula win the battle.

    b) Mir Jafar remained neutral and did not participate in the battle.

    c) Mir Jafar switched sides and supported the British, leading to Siraj-ud-Daula's defeat.

    d) Mir Jafar was captured by the British and held as a hostage during the battle.

    Answer: c) Mir Jafar switched sides and supported the British, leading to Siraj-ud-Daula's defeat.


29. After the defeat in the Battle of Plassey, who was installed as the puppet Nawab of Bengal by the British East India Company?

    a) Siraj-ud-Daula

    b) Mir Jafar

    c) Mir Qasim

    d) Shah Alam II

    Answer: b) Mir Jafar


30. What was the role of the British East India Company in Bengal after the Battle of Plassey?

    a) The company continued its trading activities without interference.

    b) The company became the de facto ruler of Bengal, though nominally recognizing Mir Jafar as Nawab.

    c) The company withdrew from Bengal and focused on other regions of India.

    d) The company handed over control to the Mughal Emperor.

    Answer: b) The company became the de facto ruler of Bengal, though nominally recognizing Mir Jafar as Nawab.


31. How long did Mir Jafar remain the puppet Nawab under the British East India Company's control?

    a) Less than a year

    b) Around five years

    c) Over a decade

    d) More than two decades

    Answer: b) Around five years


32. What significant event marked the end of Mir Jafar's rule as the Nawab of Bengal?

    a) The Second Carnatic War

    b) The Battle of Buxar

    c) The Sepoy Mutiny

    d) The Treaty of Allahabad

    Answer: b) The Battle of Buxar


33. Who led the British forces during the Battle of Buxar?

    a) Siraj-ud-Daula

    b) Robert Clive

    c) Warren Hastings

    d) Hector Munro

    Answer: d) Hector Munro


34. What was the outcome of the Battle of Buxar?

    a) Victory for the British East India Company

    b) Victory for the Mughal Empire

    c) Victory for the French East India Company

    d) The battle ended in a stalemate.

    Answer: a) Victory for the British East India Company


35. Which treaty marked the formal beginning of British political control over India?

    a) The Treaty of Versailles

    b) The Treaty of Paris

    c) The Treaty of Allahabad

    d) The Treaty of Vienna

    Answer: c) The Treaty of Allahabad


36. Who was the Mughal Emperor during Siraj-ud-Daula's reign?

    a) Aurangzeb

    b) Shah Jahan

    c) Bahadur Shah II

    d) Shah Alam II

    Answer: d) Shah Alam II


37. What was the immediate consequence of the Battle of Buxar for the British East India Company?

    a) They gained control over the Carnatic region.

    b) They acquired the territories of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa.

    c) They lost their trading rights in India.

    d) They formed an alliance with the French East India Company.

    Answer: b) They acquired the territories of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa.


38. After the Battle of Buxar, who became the next Nawab of Bengal under the British East India Company's influence?

    a) Mir Jafar

    b) Mir Qasim

    c) Mir Nizam

    d) Warren Hastings

    Answer: b) Mir Qasim


39. What was the significant policy implemented by Mir Qasim during his reign as the Nawab of Bengal?

    a) Promoting religious tolerance

    b) Reducing taxes on agriculture

    c) Banning trade with the British East India Company

    d) Encouraging European cultural influence

    Answer: c) Banning trade with the British East India Company


40. Which military commander of the British East India Company led the expedition against Mir Qasim?

    a) Sir Robert Clive

    b) Hector Munro

    c) Lord Cornwallis

    d) Warren Hastings

    Answer: b) Hector Munro


41. What was the outcome of the British expedition against Mir Qasim?

    a) Mir Qasim emerged victorious.

    b) Mir Qasim was captured and executed.

    c) Mir Qasim retained control of Bengal.

    d) Mir Qasim was defeated, and the British regained control of Bengal.

    Answer: d) Mir Qasim was defeated, and the British regained control of Bengal.


42. What was the major cause of conflict between Mir Qasim and the British East India Company?

    a) Dispute over the rights to trade in Bengal

    b) Mir Qasim's alliance with the French

    c) The British support for Siraj-ud-Daula's claim to the throne

    d) Religious differences

    Answer: a) Dispute over the rights to trade in Bengal


43. Who was the first Governor-General of India appointed by the British East India Company?

    a) Robert Clive

    b) Warren Hastings

    c) Lord Cornwallis

    d) Lord William Bentinck

    Answer: b) Warren Hastings


44. What led to the impeachment of Warren Hastings by the British Parliament?

    a) His harsh treatment of British soldiers

    b) His mishandling of the Indian economy

    c) His alleged corruption and mismanagement in India

    d) His involvement in the Black Hole of Calcutta incident

    Answer: c) His alleged corruption and mismanagement in India


45. When did Warren Hastings face impeachment proceedings in the British Parliament?

    a) 1770s

    b) 1780s

    c) 1790s

    d) 1800s

    Answer: b) 1780s


46. What was the outcome of Warren Hastings' impeachment trial?

    a) He was found guilty and executed.

    b) He was found not guilty and acquitted.

    c) He was found guilty but pardoned by the King.

    d) The trial was inconclusive, and he remained in office.

    Answer: b) He was found not guilty and acquitted.


47. After Warren Hastings' tenure, who became the next Governor-General of India?

    a) Sir John Shore (Lord Teignmouth)

    b) Lord Cornwallis

    c) Lord Wellesley

    d) Lord Dalhousie

    Answer: a) Sir John Shore (Lord Teignmouth)


48. Which British Governor-General initiated the policy of Subsidiary Alliances with Indian princely states?

    a) Sir John Shore (Lord Teignmouth)

    b) Lord Cornwallis

    c) Lord Wellesley

    d) Lord Dalhousie

    Answer: c) Lord Wellesley


49. What was the purpose of the Subsidiary Alliances policy?

    a) To strengthen the Indian princely states' independence

    b) To form an alliance against foreign invasions

    c) To ensure the welfare of the common people

    d) To establish British control over Indian princely states

    Answer: d) To establish British control over Indian princely states


50. Which major Indian princely state signed the first Subsidiary Alliance with the British East India Company?

    a) Mysore

    b) Hyderabad

    c) Maratha Empire

    d) Travancore

    Answer: b) Hyderabad

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